September 23, 2013
Today is the first day of SepticSmart week, September 23-27, an initiative the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to encourage homeowners to get SepticSmart and take action. A few small, simple steps of proper care and maintenance of your septic system can lead to a big pay off in terms of keeping you and your neighbors healthy and protecting the environment. For homeowners, proper care can also prevent costly repairs or replacement of systems, protect property values, and save water.
Keeping a healthy home and protecting the environment is a daily mission for most of us. Sometimes the home systems that are not in plain site get forgotten in this quest. In recognition of SepticSmart Week, Dennis Hallahan, Technical Director of Infiltrator Systems, shares some tips on septic system care and maintenance that could save you money and lots of headaches.
Septic System 101: The Basics
We’ve all heard the nightmare stories. A family just finishes home renovations and extensive landscaping and then it happens . . . a smelly, messy, and costly waste backup, all because a critical component of the household operating plant — the septic system — was overlooked. Sure, the contractor should have suggested to have it checked before proceeding. But he didn’t. And, after all, the homeowner wasn’t even sure where it was located. This is a scenario that is easily avoided with just a few minor steps that will not only save you headaches and money, but will protect your family’s health.
One in four households in the United States use a septic system onsite to process household waste consisting of blackwater (toilet waste) and greywater (kitchen and laundry waste). The septic system naturally treats and purifies this wastewater and returns it safely to the environment to recharge groundwater supplies. Sometimes, it’s even incorporated into a reuse system for irrigation, saving even more money for the savvy homeowner. Today’s septic systems are safe, efficient, and cost effective. They can be basic or they can be designed with special features and components for homes with high water use or those in environmentally sensitive areas.
What Makes Up A Septic System?
Each septic system has two basic components: A septic tank and a leachfield (sometimes called a drainfield). Wastewater travels from the home through the waste pipe and into the septic tank. Primary wastewater treatment occurs in this tank where bacteria digests organic materials in the wastewater. The effluent then flows into the leachfield for secondary treatment. Here, bacteria complete the digestion and purification process as the wastewater slowly leaches back into the soil. The leachfield can be made of plastic leaching chambers or old-fashioned stone and pipe or even other products. Septic systems can also have filters and other advanced components depending on your geographical location, local codes and regulations.
Why Do I Need To Know This?
A septic system may be out of sight, but it definitely should not be out of mind. Just as you need to have your furnace serviced and keep the oil changed in your car, proper general maintenance and awareness of your daily living habits and your system’s operation will improve the life and health of your system, protecting your home investment and your family.
How Do I Operate a Healthy System?
Conserve water. Large volumes of water entering the system over a short period of time will flush untreated solids out of the tank before this pretreatment process is complete.
- Turn off the faucet while brushing your teeth
- Spread out heavy water use such as washing clothes and showers
- Repair leaky faucets
- Replace old toilets with new low flow or dual flush models
Keep drains clean. If it’s not biodegradable, it doesn’t belong in the system.
- No cat litter, coffee grounds, cotton swabs, diapers, cigarettes, or sanitary products
- No paints, oils, chemical drain cleaners, solvents, poisons or pesticides
- No grease or cooking oils
- Go easy with the garbage disposal
- Reduce use of disinfectants, antibacterial soaps, commercial cleaning products and bleach.
Schedule Regular Maintenance. Most septic tanks need pumping every three to five years. High water usage may result in the need for more frequent service.
- Hire a septic system contractor to inspect your tank
- Keep a regular maintenance schedule and record
Keep surface water away.
- Divert water from downspouts, roofs, driveways, and sump pumps away
- Landscape your yard to channel rainwater away from your septic system
- Do not install sprinkler systems over the drainfield
Encourage the right plants.
- Grow grass or ground cover over the septic system to prevent soil erosion
- Plant beneficial evergreens, such as pines, near the leachfield to absorb water
- Avoid planting water-loving trees such as willow, poplar, swamp maple, or cypress
Avoid physical damage.
- Don’t drive over your septic system
- Don’t dig in the leachfield, or cover it with a structure, concrete or blacktop
If I Suspect A Problem, What Should I Do?
Contact a professional septic contractor for help. Should a repair or replacement be necessary, review your options carefully. Ask about new environmentally superior technologies, such as chamber leaching systems.
What Kinds Of Records Should I Keep?
Keeping a septic system location map and maintenance log is an important step in understanding and managing your septic system. Click here for a free homeowner’s Guide to Septic Systems Care and Maintenance. The website also offers general information on septic system selection and care.
Septic System Graphic-Infiltrator Systems
About Infiltrator Systems
Infiltrator is the largest septic products company in the industry. Through its subsidiary Champion Polymer Recycling, it is a leading purchaser of “green materials” including post-consumer and post-industrial recycled plastics used in the production of Infiltrator products at their ISO-9002 certified manufacturing facility in Winchester, Kentucky.